The Pantheon of Illustrious Men is a beautiful building located in the cloister of the Basílica de Nuestra Señora de Atocha, Spanish politicians and public figures from the 19th century are buried here.
The Pantheon of Illustrious Men responds to two of the constants of the end of the century: historistic architecture and funerary sculptures. Here rest thirteen illustrious figures of Spanish military and political history in tombs created by renowned sculptors. Some of the important figures buried here include: Ríos Rosas, Cánovas, Canalejas, Palafox, Castaños, Prim, and Concha, among others. The tombs sculpted by Mariano Benilliure and Agustín Querol are especially noteworthy.
The idea of a national pantheon is characteristic of constitutional European regimes from the French Revolution onwards and stems from the English example at Westminster. In Spain, a number of different proposals were put forward over the 19th century, culminating in the Pantheon of Illustrious Men that the Queen Regent ordered be built in the cloisters of the new Basilica of Atocha. In a way, this kept alive the tradition of burying captain generals, such as Prim, Palafox and Castaños, at the pre-existing church; however, of those originally buried there, only the Marquis of El Duero remains.
This national pantheon, built during the period known as the Restoration, bears the motto pro patria mortuis honor et pax and, as such, houses the mausoleums of politicians such as Cánovas, Canalejas, Dato and also Sagasta.
These funerary monuments are also impresive examples of 19th and early 20th-Century sculpture, including impressive works by Mariano Benlliure and Agustín Querol.
The Pantheon of Illustrious Men is a barrier free monument and accessible to wheelchair and mobility scooter users.
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Pantheon of Illustrious Men
Address: CalleJulián Gayarre, 328014 Madrid
Bus: Lines 10, 14, 24, 26, 32, 37, 54, 57, 140, 141 and the Circular line;
Train: Train station: Atocha-Renfe, Line 1
Prices: Free entrance
Opening times: Tuesday-Saturday: 10:00-14:00 and 16:00-18:30 * ; Sundays and public holidays: 10:00-15:00 * ; Closed on Mondays. * Last entry to the monument half an hour before